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Violence Against Women
Most Common Cancers in Men in Pakistan

Most Common Cancers in Men in Pakistan

Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide. According to the Global Cancer Registry, in 2020, 88,015 cases were reported while 60,783 men died from different cancers.

We believe that the cases are underreported because many patients do not report the disease or seek treatment due to financial issues, masculine behaviour, Lack of public health facilities in many areas and many people go to quacks for cancer treatment. Many cancers are silent killers such as pancreatic and prostate cancer, so many people die unregistered.

Heavier weight, greater inactivity, smoking and higher alcohol consumption are associated with men cancer. However, women are catching up to men in terms of unhealthy lifestyles.

If we rank by cases provided by Globocan top 5 most frequent cancers in men are Lip and oral cavity, Lung, Oesophageal, Colorectal and Leukaemia.

Lip and oral cavity cancer

Facts: 11,395 men were diagnosed with Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer in 2020. This cancer can occur on lips, tongue, gums, cheeks, the floor of the mouth, the roof of the mouth and the small area behind the wisdom teeth.

Causes: Risk factors for lip and oral cavity cancer include inheritance, using tobacco products, heavy alcohol use, excessive sun exposure to your lips, artificial sunlight (tanning beds), a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV) and weakened immune system.

Prevention: Lip and oral cavity Cancer can be prevented if you stop using tobacco products or don’t start, avoid alcohol consumption, avoid excessive sun exposure to your lips, avoid tanning beds and sunlamps, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, see your dentist regularly and maintain a healthy lifestyle to strengthen immunity.

Lung Cancer

Facts: Lung cancer is one of the most prevalent malignancies in the world. In Pakistan both incidence and mortality rates are continuing to rise. 8,485 men diagnosed with Lung Cancer in 2020.

Causes: Tobacco smoke, secondhand smoke, exposure to radon, exposure to asbestos, exposure to other cancer-causing agents in the workplaces, taking a certain dietary supplement, arsenic in drinking waters, previous radiation therapy to the lung, personal or family history of lung cancer and air pollution are among the risk factors of lung cancer.

Prevention: It is estimated that as many as 90% of lung cancer diagnoses could be prevented if cigarette smoking were eliminated. Exposure to certain industrial substances such as arsenic, some organic chemicals, radon, asbestos, radiation exposure, air pollution, tuberculosis and environmental tobacco smoke should be avoided.

Oesophageal cancer

Facts: Oesophageal cancer is cancer arising from the oesophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach. Symptoms often include difficulty in swallowing and weight loss. 5,233 new cases of oesophagal cancer were recorded in 2020.

Causes: It’s not exactly clear what causes oesophagal cancer but some factors that cause irritation in the cells of your oesophagus and increase your risk of oesophagal cancer include), Smoking, drinking alcohol, being obese, having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), undergoing radiation treatment, drinking very hot liquids and eating not enough fruits and vegetables.

Prevention: You can help reduce your risk of Oesophageal cancer by making healthy choices like eating right, staying active and Avoiding risk factors like smoking, alcohol consumption, drinking hot liquids frequently.

Colorectal cancer

Facts: Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine). 5,107 new cases of colorectal cancer (CRC) were recorded in 2020. 

Causes: Risk factors of colorectal cancer (CRC) can be genetics, family history, older age, Inflammatory intestinal conditions, Low-fiber – high-fat diet, smoking, alcohol, undergoing radiation treatment and type 2 diabetes.

Prevention: To prevent Colorectal cancer (CRC) one should quit smoking, stop alcohol consumption, maintain a healthy weight, regular exercise and eating enough fruits, vegetables and whole grain.

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