Types of Abuse
Violence against women (VAW), also known as gender-based violence is fierce acts committed against women and girls that bring physical, sexual, or psychological harm or suffering to women. Violence against women exists at different levels. Following are the forms of violence against women.
- Physical Violence/Abuse
Physical abuse is any intentional act causing injury or trauma to another person or animal by way of bodily contact.
- Domestic Violence/Abuse
Domestic Violence is a pattern of behavior which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic setting. Domestic abuse occurs whenever one person in an intimate relationship or marriage tries to dominate and control the other person. Domestic violence occurs to gain and maintain total control over you. An abuser doesn’t “play fair” he uses fear, guilt, shame, and intimidation to wear you down and keep you under his thumb. Your abuser may also threaten you, hurt you, or hurt those around you.
Domestic Violence occurs within all age ranges, ethnic backgrounds, and economic levels. while women are more commonly victimized, men are also abused—especially verbally and emotionally.
- Sexual Violence/Abuse
Sexual violence is any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act by violence or coercion, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a person’s sexuality, regardless of the relationship to the victim. It can be in different forms such as Rape, Stripping, Exhibitionism, Sexual photography, Incest, forced prostitution, Trafficking for sexual exploitation, Stalking, Eve-Teasing and Sexual harassment.
- Rape/Marital rape
- Against her will
- Without her consent
- When the consent has been obtained by putting her in fear of death or of hurt
- With or without her consent when she is under 16 years of age
- Pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no
- Hurting partner physically during sex
- Coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control
- unwanted touching
- unwanted exposure to pornography
- Sexual photography
- Forcing a partner to have sex with other people
- Forced prostitution
- Trafficking for sexual exploitation
- Emotional/Psychological Violence/Abuse
The behavior characterized by a person subjecting, or exposing, another person that may result in psychological trauma;
- Economic/Financial Violence/Abuse
Any act or behaviour which causes economic harm to an individual. Economic violence can take the form of, for example, property damage, restricting access to financial resources, education or the labour market, or not complying with economic responsibilities, such as alimony.
- Harassment/sexual harassment/ Stalking online/offline
- Honor Crime
The homicide of a member of a family or social group due to the belief that the victim has brought dishonor upon the family or the community.
- Acid throwing
The act of throwing acid or a corrosive substance onto the body of another intentionally
- Child marriage
Marriage of a girl before reaching the age of 16.
- Forced marriage
Forcing a girl to marry without her consent or against her will.
- Anti-woman cultural practices